How does HIV transform into AIDS

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS is not immediately show symptoms of infection in humans. Humans, as a victim of the infection, also did not immediately feel the effects of the dangerous virus to her/him.

The virus takes 5-10 years to cause symptoms. When the time required is met, the AIDS disease has been infecting the patient's body. During this period, there are several stages of HIV infection and then develop into AIDS.


1. The first phase (the window period)

  • HIV enters the body to form antibodies in the blood.
  • People with HIV look and feel healthy.
  • At this stage, an HIV test cannot detect the presence of viruses.
  • This stage lasts for 2 weeks to 6 months.


2. The second phase

  • At this stage HIV begins to develop in the body.
  • HIV tests can detect the presence of the virus because antibodies begin to form.
  • Patient looks healthy for 5-10 years, depending on durability. On average patients survive for 8 years. However, in developing countries, the duration is shorter.


3. The third stage

  • At this stage the confirmed HIV-positive patients immune system decreases.
  • Start to appear symptoms of opportunistic infection, such as swelling of the lymph glands or persistent diarrhea.
  • This stage generally lasts for one month, depending on the patient endurance.



  • At this stage, positive patient with AIDS.
  • The immune system is getting down.
  • Various other diseases (opportunistic infections) causes the condition to get worse.


At this stage, or better earlier, the patient should be immediately taken to the doctor and undergo viral anti-retroviral therapy (ARV). ARV therapy will control the HIV virus in the body so that the impact of the virus can be suppressed.

Nevertheless, HIV should actually be controlled as early as possible so that it can suppress the onset of AIDS. Also blood checks as early as possible, especially for those at high risk, such as injecting drug users, and people who have unprotected sexual intercourse with multiple partners.