Recognize the Symptoms of AIDS

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is not an indiscriminately virus. This virus can affect anyone through  transmission such as liquid blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. HIV can develop into AIDS (Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome).

Unfortunately, unlike other diseases, HIV infection does not immediately show symptoms. It generally takes 5 years until symptoms of HIV can be noticed. At the beginning of an HIV infection, treatment should be given as soon as possible. That's why performing an HIV test early is important.

AIDS itself is a collection of symptoms due to decreased immunity. Here are some of the symptoms of AIDS experienced by adults and children based on information from the National AIDS Commission:

1. Symptoms in Adults

Major symptoms:

  • Losing weight without cause
  • Diarrhea
  • Fever 


Minor symptoms:

  • Dry cough that will not go away
  • Itchy skin all over the body
  • Herpes Zoster that does not heal
  • Infections resulting in a rash on the mouth, tongue, or throat
  • Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, or groin, with or without active infection.


2. Symptoms in Children

Major symptoms:

  • Low body weight, or slow growth
  • Severe diarrhea for more than 14 days
  • Fever for more than one month


Minor symptoms:

  • Itchy skin all over the body
  • Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, or groin
  • White spots caused by fungi in the mouth, tongue, or throat
  • Infections of the ear, throat, or other organs
  • A cough that does not go away


In adults, the symptoms can be diagnosed when AIDS already has two major signs and one minor symptom. Symptoms are more complete if the person is suffering from skin cancer called sarcoma or cryptococcal meningitis. Sarcoma are reddish spots, black, or purple, can be enlarged and sore. While cryptococcal meningitis is an infection of the covering of the brain to cause fever, stiff neck, headache, confusion, and an inability to get up.

When these symptoms are found, patients should be immediately be referred to the hospital for treatment. To be given access to the use of anti-retroviral virus (ARV), to control HIV in the body.